Extreme sports: a positive transformation in courage and humility



Publication Details

Brymer, E. & Oades, L. G. (2009). Extreme sports: a positive transformation in courage and humility. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 49 (1), 114-126.


Extreme sports and extreme sports participants have been most commonly explored from a negative perspective, for example the need to take unnecessary risks. This study explored what can be learned from extreme sports about courage and humility - two positive psychology constructs. A phenomenological method was used via unstructured interviews with 15 extreme sports participants and other first hand accounts. The extreme sports included B.A.S.E. jumping, big wave surfing, extreme skiing, waterfall kayaking, extreme mountaineering and solo rope-free climbing. Results indicate that humility and courage can be deliberately sought out by participating in activities that involve a real chance of death, fear and the realisation that nature in its extreme is far greater and more powerful than humanity.

Please refer to publisher version or contact your library.



Link to publisher version (DOI)