Evidence based coaching as a positive psychological intevention
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[extract] As has been stated many times by its chief proponents, positive psychology is focused on the application of psychological science to the optimization of human experience (Seligman, 20 ll ). It is therefore no surprise that advances in positive psychological science tend to be closely followed by efforts to develop and validate new positive psychological interventions (PPis). PPis arc intentional acti vi ties that aim to increase well-being through the cultivation of positive feelings, cognitions, and behaviors. Examples of popular PPis include methods used for idcntif), ing and developing strengths (sec Chapter 4), exercises for cultivating gratitude (sec Chapter 1), and visualizations of one's best possible self (Seligman, Steen, Park, & Peterson, 2005; Sheldon & Lyubomirsky, 2006 ). Encouragingly, a recent meta- analytic study of 51 PPI-related studies has reported that many of these practical applications arc capable of both significantly enhancing well-being and reducing psychopathology (Sin & Lyubomirsky, 2009).