200 years after 7 September 1822, when Don Pedro I, Crown Prince of Portugal, pro-claimed the Independence of Brazil, this article presents a critical analysis of the event, highlighting the contradictions of this historical period and the challenges that arise for the formation of Brazil as a nation. Situated within the process of modernity established by capitalist globalization, the ‘independence’ of Brazil occurred as a subordinate insertion in world geopolitics. Contrary to the official discourse of a sovereign country and the mystified narratives of ‘the cordial man’ and ‘racial democracy’ spread among the population, these pages question the process of formation of a country founded on genocide, slavery, the exclusion of great part of the population of basic rights, dis-crimination and violence systematically practised to block the constitution of a demo-cratic project of a national-popular character. This notwithstanding, the second part of the article shows how, over these 200 years, a myriad of admirable social and popular struggles have been fertilizing the ground for Brazil to completely free itself from the colonial condition and become an effectively independent and sovereign nation.
Recommended CitationSemeraro, Giovanni and Lole, Ana, 200 anos de “Independência” interditando a formação “nacional-popular” do Brasil, International Gramsci Journal, 5(1), 2023, 30-43.