Document Type

Book Chapter


This chapter makes a critical assessment of the new threat of maritime terrorism and the outlook into the near future. This includes consideration of the threat and net impact of piracy worldwide, including the possibility that a high incidence of piracy in a particular area might increase the risk of a maritime terrorist attack. The chapter also considers the effectiveness of the new international security measures that have been introduced in recent years. Appreciations of the risks of maritime terrorist attacks, or of international shipping being used for terrorist purposes, have led to major developments in global maritime security, especially the introduction of the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code, and a range of initiatives from the United States, particularly the Container Security Initiative (CSI) and the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI).