Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Details

De Matos, C. M. & Ward, R. G. 2012, ''Analyzing gendered occupation power'', in C. M. De Matos & R. Ward (eds), Gender, Power, and Military Occupations: Asia Pacific and the Middle East since 1945, Routledge, New York. pp. 1-19.


Military occupations are implicitly masculine affairs. It is men who composethe majority of the military forces that undertake the tasks of occupation,and primarily men who command an occupation force. These menoperate within the structures and culture of the hyper-masculinized militaryinstitution. Yet not only is the attempt to make masculinities moreexplicit in war, occupation and peacekeeping research quite recent, themore complex gendered impacts of military occupation have only begunto be interrogated. Women can be part of an occupation force. Both menand women are affected as the occupied. There are gender complexitiesand hierarchies within each side of the occupation power binary, that iswithin the occupiers and within the occupied. These webs of hierarchicaland interactive gendered relationships are enacted in complex, diverse, andoften contradictory ways. The aim of this edited collection of chapters byscholars, activists and those affected by occupation is to reveal the diversityof the gendered impacts of military occupation on both the occupier andthe occupied. Attention is paid to the ways that occupation power is performed,negotiated and subverted on a daily basis through the questioningand interrogation of both normative and changing gender roles in occupationpower hierarchies and in occupied societies and spaces.