Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Details

Ballard, S. "All night silence: Live experimental sound in New Zealand public art galleries." Erewhon Calling: Experimental Sound in New Zealand. Ed.B. Russell. Auckland: Audio Foundation and CMR, 2012, 54-59.


Since the late 19th century there have beenissues with the presentation and receptionof sound and music in New Zealand publicart galleries. During the first New Zealandand South Seas Exhibition in 1889-1890there were numerous musical eventsdesigned to prove New Zealand's positionculturally and socially on the world stage.Audience members would spend the daytraipsing around the enormous pavilionsof the exhibition pausing to engage in aperformance before blundering out to thenext event. This mobile audience knewsomething about the relationship betweenmusic and art. Art was silent, static andcontained within the walls of the gallery,and music was not. Music was dynamic, andformed part of a public programme whicha listener could choose to attend for aspecified duration.