Publication Details

This article was originally published as: Marinaro, DG, Horvat, J & Dou, SX, Effects of fission-fragment damage on vortex dimensionality in silver-sheathed Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox tapes, Physical Review - Series B, 2003, 68, 064518(9 pages). This journal may be found here. Copyright 2003 American Physical Society.


We report on the vortex dimensionality of uranium-doped Ag/Bi2223 tapes, before and after irradiation to a thermal-neutron fluence. The effective activation energies, as a function of current density and applied field, were calculated from dynamic magnetization relaxation measurements. A dimensional crossover from a three-dimensional (3D) elastic creep regime to a 2D plastic creep was observed in the nonirradiated tape at an applied magnetic field µ0Hcr[approximate]0.37 T, with an associated change in the flux hop velocity and temperature dependence. After the introduction of the fission-fragment damage by irradiation, a shift in the crossover to µ0Hcr[approximate]0.65 T was observed. These results indicate an enhancement of the c-axis vortex coherence by the introduced splayed columnar defects, explaining the greater pinning efficiency of the uranium-fission method in Bi2223 rather than the less anisotropic Y123. Conflicting results obtained for the irradiated tape in the absence of any temperature scaling of the activation energies demonstrate the importance of the inclusion of scaling in the magnetization relaxation analysis.

Included in

Engineering Commons



Link to publisher version (DOI)