Publication Details

This article was originally published as: Darmann, F, Dou, SX and Cook, C, Determination of the AC Losses of Bi-2223 HTS Coils at 77 K at Power Frequencies Using a Mass Boil-Off Calorimetric Technique, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, March 2003, 13(1), 1-6. Copyright IEEE 2003.


A mass boil-off measurement system has been used to accurately measure and characterize the ac loss of high-temperature superconductor (HTS) coils at frequencies between 50 and 200 Hz, and in applied ac fields of up to 0.04 T. The mass boil-off calorimeter incorporated a glass cryostat, a copper field coil, and two mass flow meters. The response of the gas flow to a step change in the applied magnetic field was found to have a time constant of about 600 s. Under suitable experimental conditions, it was possible to measure the ac losses of coils with an accuracy of 0.3 W. The ac loss characteristics of an HTS pancake and two HTS solenoid coils are presented and the accuracy of mass flow calorimetry in liquid nitrogen is reported on.

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