Microstructure evolution modeling during and after deformation in 304 austenitic stainless steel through cellular automaton approach
A 2D cellular automaton approach was used to simulate microstructure evolution during and after hot deformation. Initial properties of the microstructure and dislocation density were used as input data to the cellular automaton model. The flow curve and final grain size were the output data for the dynamic recrystallization simulation, and softening kinetics curves were the output data of static and metadynamic recrystallization simulations. The model proposed in this work considered the effect of thermomechanical parameters (e.g., temperature and strain rate) on the nucleation and growth kinetics during dynamic recrystallization. The dynamic recrystallized microstructures at different strains, temperatures, and strain rates were used as input data for static and metadynamic recrystallization simulations. It was shown that the cellular automaton approach can model the final microstructure and flow curve successfully in dynamic recrystallization conditions. The postdeformation simulation results showed that the time for 50% recrystallization decreases with increasing strain for a given initial grain size and that dynamic recrystallization slows the postdeformation recrystallization kinetics compared to a model without dynamic recrystallization.