IMPACT OF Zn SUBSTITUTION ON PHASE FORMATION AND SUPERCONDUCTIVITY OF Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3-xZnxO10-δ WITH x = 0.0, 0.015, 0.03, 0.06, 0.09 AND 0.12
Samples of series Bi1.6Pb0.4Sr2Ca2Cu3-xZnxO10-δ with x = 0.0, 0.015, 0.03, 0.06, 0.09 and 0.12 are synthesized by solid-state reaction route. All the samples crystallize in tetragonal structure with majority (> 90%) of Bi-2223(Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3O10) phase (c-lattice parameter ~ 36 Å). The proportion of Bi-2223 phase decreases slightly with an increase in x. The lattice parameters a and c of main phase (Bi-2223) do not change significantly with increasing x. Superconducting critical transition temperature (Tc) decreases with x as evidenced by both resistivity [ρ(T)] and ac magnetic susceptibility [χ(T)] measurements. Interestingly the decrement of Tc is not monotonic and the same saturates at around 96 K for x > 0.06. In fact Tc decreases fast (~ 10 K/at%) for x = 0.015 and 0.03 samples and later nearly saturates for higher x values. Present results of Zn doping in Bi-2223 system are compared with other Zn-doped HTSC (high temperature superconducting) systems, namely the RE-123 (REBa2Cu3O7) and La-214 ((La, Sr)2CuO4).