"Oxygen-vacancy effect on structural, magnetic, and ferroelectric properties in multiferroic YMnO3 single crystals"
"We have investigated the structural, magnetic, and ferroelectric properties of magnetically frustrated multiferroic YMnO3 single crystals. The ferroelectric domain structures of YMnO3 samples were studied by piezoresponse force microscopy. Instead of domain vortex structure in stoichiometric crystals, YMnO3-delta exhibits a random domain configuration with straight domain walls. In magnetic measurements, the YMnO3-delta crystal shows typical antiferromagnetic behavior with higher Neel temperature and lower magnetization compared to the stoichiometric sample. The ordered oxygen vacancies dominate multiferroicity through tailoring the domain wall structure. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3676000]"
Chen, D., Du, Y., Wang, X., Cheng, Z., Dou, S. Xue., Lin, Z. W., Zhu, J. G. & Xu, B. (2012). "Oxygen-vacancy effect on structural, magnetic, and ferroelectric properties in multiferroic YMnO3 single crystals". Journal of Applied Physics, 111 (7), 07D913 - 0-07D913-3.