Movement of water in vadose zone, mainly focusing on infiltration and percolation that involves percolation of water under gravity from soil surface and redistribution which is the capillary rise of water movement upwards, is presented. In the global hydrologic cycle, 76% of the precipitating water enters the soil via percolation-infiltration, which leads to the downward movement of water (L’vovich 1974). The water used by natural processes, can move downwards due to infiltration and lift from groundwater table during natural redistribution process. The forecasting of water movement in unsaturated infiltration redistribution system is linked between soil hydraulic properties and hydrologic condition of natural surface water system. The understanding of water movement processes associated with infiltration and redistribution has a number of practical applications. One such application is to predict the fate and transport of materials through soil including nutrients, organic carbon and microbes under natural processes, which in turn will help in developing appropriate management plans for irrigation, fertilizer application and waste disposal on land.
Bunsri, T., Sivakumar, M. Hagare, D. (2011). Simulation of Water and Contaminant Transport Through Vadose Zone - Redistribution System. In T. Bunsri (Eds.), Hydraulic Conductivity - Issues, Determination and Applications (pp. 395-416). Australia: In Tech.