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This article was originally published as Pan, AV, Pysarenko, SV, Wexler, D, Rubanov, S, and Dou, SX, Multilayering and Ag-Doping for Properties and Performance Enhancement in YBa2Cu3O7 Films, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 17(2), 2007, 3585-3588. Copyright 2007 IEEE.


Much denser YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) superconducting films at least 1 m thick with smooth surfaces have been obtained after introducing (Y/Nd)BCO multilayered structures. A significant enhancement of current carrying abilities has been achieved in these pulsed laser deposited films. The critical current density ( ) has been increased by a factor of up to three in the entire field range. The imitation of the (Y/Nd)BCO multilayered structure by using YBCO “interlayers” has also exhibited a considerable improvement in the current carrying ability. Similarities and differences between these two “multilayering” approaches, leading to the observed effects, are discussed. The presence of interfaces even without element variation is likely to be the key to the improvements observed. In order to further promote enhancement, small “multilayered” additions of silver (Ag) to the films and multilayers provide various results: (i) rather strong enhancement for rather thin films and low addition levels, (ii) considerable degradation for large addition levels, and (iii) much less pronounced effect for thicker films. The enhancement of is observed in zero and low magnetic fields, but has almost no effect at higher fields. All these experimental observations are discussed in terms of pinning, transparency and structural modifications introduced during the deposition of the film structures.

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