The development and characterisation of polyaniline-single walled carbon nanotube composites fibres using 2-acrylamido-2 methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid (AMPSA) through one step wet spinning process
Document Type Journal Article
Mottaghitalab, V., Spinks, G. Maxwell. and Wallace, G. G. (2006). The development and characterisation of polyaniline-single walled carbon nanotube composites fibres using 2-acrylamido-2 methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid (AMPSA) through one step wet spinning process. Polymer, 47 (14), 4996-5002.
High strength, flexible and conductive polyaniline (PANi)–carbon nanotube (SWNT) composite fibres have been produced using wet spinning. The use of dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) containing 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid (AMPSA) has been shown to act as an excellent dispersing medium for carbon nanotubes and for dissolution of polyaniline. The viscosity of DCAA–AMPSA solution undergoes a transition from Newtonian to non-Newtonian viscoelastic behaviour upon addition of carbon nanotubes. The ultimate tensile strength and elastic modulus of PANi–AMPSA fibres were increased by 50 and 120%, respectively, upon addition of 0.76% (w/w) carbon nanotubes. The elongation at break decreased from 11 to 4% upon addition of carbon nanotubes, however, reasonable flexibility was retained. An electronic conductivity percolation threshold of ∼0.3% (w/w) carbon nanotubes was determined with fibres possessing electronic conductivity up to ∼750 S cm−1. Raman spectroscopic evidence confirmed the presence of carbon nanotubes in the polyaniline and also the interaction of the quinoid ring with the nanotubes to provide a doping effect.