Publication Details

Guo, Y. H., Guo, Z., Yu, X., Liu, H. K., Gao, L. & Xia, G. (2010). Significantly improved dehydrogenation of LiBH4 destabilized by TiF3. Energy and Environmental Science, 3 (4), 465-470.


The hydrogen storage properties of LiBH4 ball milled with TiF3 were investigated. It was found that the LiBH4–TiF3 mixture exhibited significantly improved dehydrogenation properties. For example, the LiBH4–TiF3 (mole ratio: 3:1) sample started to release hydrogen at around 100 °C, and the hydrogen desorption capacity reached 5.0 wt% at 250 °C. Furthermore, the dehydrogenated product can be partially rehydrogenated at 100 atm H2 and 350 °C. X-Ray diffraction (XRD), infrared (IR) spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) characterizations revealed that the decreased dehydrogenation conditions in the LiBH4–TiF3 system resulted from an exothermic reaction of 3LiBH4 + TiF3 → 3LiF + TiB2 + B + 6H2, which improved both its thermodynamics and kinetics. As the above reaction is exothermic, the reverse reaction is not feasible, further investigations indicated that the rehydrogenation may be due to the formation of another borohydride

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