Magnetic hysteresis and magnetic relaxation measurements have been performed to study vortex pinning behaviors for pure, Fe doped and heavily Pb doped Bi2212 single crystals. Unlike pure and Fe doped Bi2212 crystals, heavily Pb doped crystal showed strong vortex pinning behavior. We interpret the strong pinning in heavily Pb doped Bi2212 single crystals as arising from the improved Josephson coupling in Bi2212 single crystal after heavy Pb doping. In heavily Pb doped single Bi2212 crystals, H/sub dis/(T) was observed to decrease with increasing T. Here, H/sub dis/(T) is an order-disorder field that separates a weakly elastically disordered vortex lattice from a plastically disordered vortex solid. However, in pure and Fe doped Bi2212 single crystals, H/sub dis/(T) was observed to be temperature independent. We also report a significant shift of T/sub CR/, a crossover temperature separating two pinning regimes, toward higher temperatures with heavy Pb doping of Bi2212 single crystals. On the other hand T/sub CR/ did not shift with Fe doping of Bi2212 single crystals. It is argued that the temperature dependence of H/sub dis/(T) and the shift of T/sub CR/ in heavily Pb doped Bi2212 crystals was related to the enhanced c-axis conductivity caused by the Pb situated between the CuO/sub 2/ layers and imposing a 3D characteristic on the vortex lattice.
This article was originally published as: Uprety, KK, Horvat, J, Wang, XL et al, Magnetic hysteresis and relaxation in Bi2212 single crystals doped with Fe and Pb, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, June 2003, 13(2)3, 3770-3773. Copyright IEEE 2003.