In-situ implementation and validation of a CO2-based adaptive demand-controlled ventilation strategy in a multi-zone office building
This paper presents the in-situ implementation and validation of a CO2-based adaptive demand-controlled ventilation (DCV) strategy in a super high-rise building in Hong Kong. The adaptive DCV strategy employs a dynamic multi-zone ventilation equation for multi-zone air-conditioning systems, in which a CO2-based dynamic occupancy detection scheme is used for online occupancy detection. This strategy is implemented in an independent Intelligent Building Management and Integration platform (IBmanager), which communicates with the main station of the Building Management System (BMS) through a communication protocol and interface. The performance of this DCV strategy is practically tested and validated by comparing with that of the original fixed outdoor air flow rate control strategy used in site. The implementation architecture and test results including energy and environmental performances represented. Since the accuracy and reliability of the major measurement instrumentations affect the actual performance of the DCV strategy significantly, the commissioning and calibration of major measurement instrumentations are presented as well.