Amminelithium Amidoborane Li(NH3)NH2BH3: A New Coordination Compound with Favorable Dehydrogenation Characteristics
The monoammoniate of lithium amidoborane, Li(NH3)NH2BH3, was synthesized by treatment of LiNH2BH3 with ammonia at room temperature. This compound exists in the amorphous state at room temperature, but at −20 °C crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbca with lattice parameters of a=9.711(4), b=8.7027(5), c=7.1999(1) Å, and V=608.51 Å3. The thermal decomposition behavior of this compound under argon and under ammonia was investigated. Through a series of experiments we have demonstrated that Li(NH3)NH2BH3 is able to absorb/desorb ammonia reversibly at room temperature. In the temperature range of 40–70 °C, this compound showed favorable dehydrogenation characteristics. Specifically, under ammonia this material was able to release 3.0 equiv hydrogen (11.18 wt %) rapidly at 60 °C, which represents a significant advantage over LiNH2BH3. It has been found that the formation of the coordination bond between ammonia and Li+ in LiNH2BH3 plays a crucial role in promoting the combination of hydridic BH bonds and protic NH bonds, leading to dehydrogenation at low temperature.