Hydrogen storage properties of Mg-10 wt% Ni alloy co-catalysed with Niobium and multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Mg-10 wt% Ni alloys containing up to 1 wt% Nb were fabricated by a casting technique, followed by ball-milling with 5 wt% multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Further mechanical alloying with 1.5, 3, and 5 at % Nb was applied to a cast Mg-10 wt% Ni-370 ppm Nb alloy to investigate the catalytic role of Nb in hydrogen dissociation. The microstructure and distribution of Nb and Mg2Ni in the alloys were characterised by SEM. The absorption and desorption kinetics of the samples were measured by Sieverts’ apparatus at various temperatures. The results show that addition of Nb during casting accelerates the hydrogen diffusion compared to the cast binary Mg-10 wt% Ni alloy. Moreover, ball-milling of the alloy with metallic niobium leads to the formation of BCC phase of MgeNb solid solution, which significantly improves the hydrogenation properties of the alloy. DSC results show that mechanical alloying of Mg-10 wt%Ni-370 ppm Nb with Nb in excess of 1.5 wt% decreases the desorption temperature by approximately 100 C compared to the ball-milled cast alloy.