Research on the Association between Eye Contact and Social Phobia in Chinese College Students Based on a Binomial Logistic Regression Equation Model
Objective: Through the investigation of the current situation of college students’ eye contact, it has been found that there is a phenomenon of unnatural eye contact among contemporary college students, and this phenomenon has a negative impact on their social contact. Method: A total of 411 college students were selected to participate in an eye contact questionnaire survey. A binomial logistic regression equation model was used to analyze the influencing factors, and a binomial test was used to analyze the behaviors of college students who have unnatural eye contact. In order to verify the reliability of the data, researchers distributed the same questionnaire again at a different time at different universities. Results: There were no significant differences between the results of the two distributions as a whole. Families and close friends were the least likely to make unnatural eye contact. Gender and degree of closeness were significant factors affecting the natural degree of eye contact among college students. The model was found to be significant and had a relatively high degree of interpretation. The proportion of college students who wanted to change the unnatural status of eye contact was 84%, while the proportions of students who thought about how to make eye contact when communicating with others and who tended to approach people with whom they made natural eye contact were 74% and 69%, respectively. Conclusion: Compared with men, women are more likely to have unnatural eye contact. Most people tend to communicate with people with whom they make natural eye contact and think positively about how to make eye contact with others. The results of this study are helpful for identifying whether college students have signs of social phobia, which has a reference value for college students’ psychological health education.