Type-II superconductivity below 4K in Sn0.4Sb0.6



Publication Details

Sharma, M., Kumar, K., Sang, L., Wang, X. & Awana, V. (2020). Type-II superconductivity below 4K in Sn0.4Sb0.6. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 844


© 2020 Elsevier B.V. In this article, we report the occurrence of superconductivity in Sn0.4Sb0.6 single crystal at below 4K. Rietveld refined Powder XRD data confirms the phase purity of as grown crystal, crystallizing in rhombohedral R-3m space group with an elongated (2xc) unit cell in c-direction. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) image and EDAX measurement confirm the laminar growth and elemental composition to be near to desired stoichiometry ratio. Raman Spectroscopy data shows the vibrational modes of Sn–Sb and Sb–Sb modes at 110 and 135 cm−1. ZFC (Zero-Field-Cooled) magnetization measurements done at 10Oe showed sharp superconducting transitions at 4K along with a minor step at 3.5K. On the other hand, Paramagnetic Meissner Effect (PME) is observed in FC measurements. Magnetization vs applied field (M − H) plots at 2, 2.2, 2.5, 2.7, 3, 3.2, 3.5, and 3.7K show typical Type-II nature of observed superconductivity with lower and upper critical fields (Hc1 and Hc2) at 69.42Oe and 630Oe respectively at 2K. Type-II superconductivity is also confirmed by calculated Ginzburg-Landau Kappa parameter value of 3.55. Characteristics length viz. coherence length and penetration depth are also calculated. Weak granular coupling is observed from ρ-T plot, in which resistance is not dropping to zero down to 2K.

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