Sensorless Voltage Control Schemes for Brushless Doubly-Fed Induction Generators in Stand-Alone and Grid-Connected Applications
The aim of this paper is to investigate the sensorless voltage control schemes for the wound-rotor BDFIG in both the stand-alone and grid-connected systems. For sensorless target, a new rotor position observer using the space vector flux relations is suggested. The proposed sensorless algorithm does not require any additional observers for obtaining the generator speed by directly detecting the rotor position, which may reduce the overall system cost. For the voltage control purpose, a DVC scheme is applied for the stand-alone systems. However, this control strategy did not handle the control of the generated-voltage phase angle and also did not consider the phase sequence issue which are very essential provisions for the smooth connection target in grid-connected applications. Hence, DVC strategy cannot guarantee all the intended provisions for a soft and smooth connection process with the grid side and therefore, an effective grid-synchronization algorithm is proposed. A comprehensive analysis to confirm the functionality of the proposed control strategies is discussed through both simulation and experimental results. The presented study in this paper verifies the efficacy of the proposed schemes for sensorless voltage control target of BDFIG in both the stand-alone and grid-connected applications with a good transient behavior.