Publication Details

S. Rasool, M. Islam, K. M. Muttaqi & D. Sutanto, "Coupled Modelling and Advanced Control for Smooth Operation of a Grid Connected Linear Electric Generator based Wave-to-Wire System," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. Online First, p. 1, 2020.


The perpetual oscillations of ocean waves produce potential energy, which can be converted to electrical energy with the help of direct drive linear generators. The fluctuating generated power poses a major challenge when it is supplied to the power grid. In this paper, a supercapacitor provides the short-term energy storage to buffer and smooth out the power fluctuations. A new coupled model of a wave energy converter and a linear generator is proposed for its response characterization under varying system conditions. The developed model and an advanced control strategy is used to exhibit a smooth and stable operation of the wave-to-wire system. The generator side converter is controlled to extract the maximum power from the waves and to minimize the generator losses by controlling its d-axis and q-axis currents. The grid side converter is controlled to keep the dc-link voltage constant and to generate the required voltage waveforms at the point of common coupling. The performance of the proposed control strategy for the wave-to-wire system is investigated under different applied diffraction forces. The simulation results show that with the use of proposed control scheme and the supercapacitor, the wave-to-wire system can operate in a smooth and stable operation under normal and fault conditions.



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