Improving characteristics of biochar produced from collagen-containing solid wastes based on protease application in leather production
2020 Preparation of biochar from industrial solid wastes is receiving increasing attention in recent years. In this paper, alkaline protease, neutral protease and collagenolytic protease are used in preliminary steps of leather production, which are expected to replace the traditional chemical agents while preserving quality of the finished leather. The protease application has remarkable positive influence towards characteristics of biochar prepared by collagen-containing solid wastes produced in preliminary steps. The enzymatic action time should be more than 3 h for complete permeation and catalysis, and the diameters of treated collagen fibers were in the range of 10 to 20 nm. The micro-cracks occurring on collagen fibers would have an obviously impact on the formation of biochar. The application of proteases reduce the pollution of traditional production through replacing traditional polluted chemicals, and the characteristics of biochars are obviously improved with good surface area and high carbon content approximately 70%. Its surface area can reach 967 m2/g. These biochars contain oxygen-containing functional groups, and the oxygen content of biochars are all over 20%. The enzyme application in leather production are effective to the properties of biochars prepared by collagen-containing solid wastes. This research can serve as a basis for the preparation of biochar derived from of natural bio-wastes thereby promoting the development of biomaterials.