Decreasing microbially influenced metal corrosion using free nitrous acid in a simulated water injection system
2020 Elsevier Ltd Microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) is the main cause of metal corrosion in anoxic environments. Biocides are often dosed to the corrosive media to inhibit and kill the microbes which cause MIC. In this study, intermittent dosages of free nitrous acid (FNA), which was previously found to be a biocide, were applied to a simulated water injection system containing carbon steel coupons with mature biofilm, to study the effect of FNA on mitigation of metal corrosion. In each treatment, 0.49 mg-N/L FNA was dosed using 200 mg-N/L nitrite at pH 6 for 24 h. The corrosion properties were monitored by open circuit potential (OCP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), linear polarization resistance (LPR), 3D optical profiling, and direct weight measurement. The biofilm viability was monitored by measuring cellular ATP level. The general corrosion rate (calculated by weight-loss measurement) was decreased by up to 31%, which was supported by LPR tests and reduced ATP levels of the corrosion-inducing biofilm. The 3D optical profiling results showed that FNA decreased the average pitting corrosion rate by 59%, with 2 intermittent treatments and 82-day interval over 304 days. Intermittent dosing of FNA has strong potential to be an effective and efficient strategy for controlling MIC in oil recovery infrastructure.