DNN-Aided Block Sparse Bayesian Learning for User Activity Detection and Channel Estimation in Grant-Free Non-Orthogonal Random Access
1967-2012 IEEE. In the upcoming Internet-of-Things (IoT) era, the communication is often featured by massive connection, sporadic transmission, and small-sized data packets, which poses new requirements on the delay expectation and resource allocation efficiency of the Random Access (RA) mechanisms of the IoT communication stack. A grant-free non-orthogonal random access (NORA) system is considered in this paper, which could simultaneously reduce the access delay and support more Machine Type Communication (MTC) devices with limited resources. In order to address the joint user activity detection (UAD) and channel estimation (CE) problem in the grant-free NORA system, we propose a deep neural network-aided message passing-based block sparse Bayesian learning (DNN-MP-BSBL) algorithm. In the DNN-MP-BSBL algorithm, the iterative message passing process is transferred from a factor graph to a deep neural network (DNN). Weights are imposed on the messages in the DNN and trained to minimize the estimation error. It is shown that the trained weights could alleviate the convergence problem of the MP-BSBL algorithm, especially on crowded RA scenarios. Simulation results show that the proposed DNN-MP-BSBL algorithm could improve the UAD and CE accuracy with a smaller number of iterations, indicating its advantages for low-latency grant-free NORA systems.