Minimizing the steady-state impediments to solar photovoltaics
The main objective of this paper is to determine which voltage regulation strategies best allow grid-tied Photovoltaic (PV) Systems to be integrated into distribution networks. More particularly, this involves performing a literature review on the negative impacts of grid-tied PV systems on distribution networks, and also the current and proposed voltage regulation methods available. The next step is to assess, through simulation, which strategies allow the greatest amount of PV to be integrated with minimal effect on power quality. This will be done by simulating various Medium Voltage (MV) and Low Voltage (LV) radial feeders under varying load conditions and changing solar irradiance levels. Real network data will be incorporated with an accurate model for PV output power to accurately model high penetrations of PV. Our research highlights the necessity of reducing peak loadings through strategies such as energy storage, off-peak loading methods, and reactive power control of inverters to decrease the voltage deviations. It has been shown that voltage rise and reverse power-flows can and should be avoided on distribution feeders. Voltage unbalances can also be easily avoided by following the simple steps outlined in this paper. Now, a proactive approach should be taken by Governments, Distribution Networks System Providers, and customers with PV to ensure that as penetrations increase, Power Quality is not diminished.