Efficient Fixed-base exponentiation and scalar multiplication based on a multiplicative splitting exponent recoding
Digital signature algorithm (DSA) (resp. ECDSA) involves modular exponentiation (resp. scalar multiplication) of a public and known base by a random one-time exponent. In order to speed up this operation, well-known methods take advantage of the memorization of base powers (resp. base multiples). Best approaches are the Fixed-base radix-R method and the Fixed-base Comb method. In this paper, we present a new approach for storage/online computation trade-off, by using a multiplicative splitting of the digits of the exponent radix-R representation. We adapt classical algorithms for modular exponentiation and scalar multiplication in order to take advantage of the proposed exponent recoding. An analysis of the complexity for practical size shows that our proposed approach involves a lower storage for a given level of online computation. This is confirmed by implementation results showing significant memory saving, up to 3 times for the largest NIST standardized key sizes, compared to the state-of-the-art approaches.