Investigating electrode sites for intention detection during robot based hand movement using EEG-BCI system
Detection of motor intention from brain signals combined with robot assistive technologies has potential to be used as an effective rehabilitation process for post-stroke patients. The work conducted on the deployment of AMADEO hand rehabilitation robotic device and Electroencephalogram based Brain Computer Interference (EEG-BCI) system to explore the technical feasibility of the approach in hand motor recovery of post-stroke patients is presented. Two different protocols consisting of simple visual cues and a 2D interactive game are presented to healthy subjects when performing hand movement. The motor intent signals produced during each protocol are detected using Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithm. Moreover, the signals produced by different single electrodes are analyzed to identify the electrode making the highest contribution to the intent signal and the performance of SVM with respect to each protocol. Overall, an average True Positive Rate (TPR) of 71.72% and True Negative Rate (TNR) of 63.33% for visual cue protocol and an average TPR of 88.56% and TNR of 70.81% for game protocol are obtained.