Publication Details

Li, H., Zhou, D., Pinson, D. J., Zulli, P., Lu, L., Longbottom, R. J., Chew, S. J., Monaghan, B. J. & Zhang, G. (2018). Sintering of Iron Ores in a Millipot in Comparison with Tablet Testing and Industrial Process. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science, 49B (5), 2285-2297.


To explore the feasibility of small-scale sintering pot testing, a 'millipot' facility (diameter of 53 mm and height of 400 mm) was established and used to examine the sintering performance of iron ores and other non-traditional ferrous materials. The sintering performance of a millipot was examined across a range of different operational conditions (coke rate and suction pressure) and compared with an industrial sinter strand operation. Tablet tests were also performed to assist in the design of the millipot experiments and identify conditions for achieving mineral composition similar to the industrial sinter. For the millipot experiments, the materials used need to be compacted to increase the bulk density, and a higher coke rate is required to compensate the high heat loss caused by wall effects. A higher suction pressure is also necessary to maintain an oxidizing atmosphere in the sinter bed. As expected, it was not possible to eliminate the wall effect, which resulted in more primary hematite at edges of the sintered column. However, the sintered material from the center of column simulates industrial sinter reasonably well. As such, millipot provides a practical way to evaluate the sintering process and material performance at laboratory scale, helping to bridge the gap between tablet sintering and large scale pot sintering, or full scale plant trial. The results of millipot testing can be used for designing larger scale experiments or commercial sintering trials.

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