A collaborative and open solution for large-scale online learning
Collaborative Open Online Courses (COOC), designed as the enhanced variance ofMassive Open Online Courses (MOOC), inherently combines the advantages of high-quality online resources and face-to-face classroom teaching. It stimulates thecollaboration and improvement of courses between educators and learners, byrealizing the innovation for dynamic and real-time education process, fosteringprofessional skill acquisition and development as well. In this paper, we propose thenovel concept and architectural design of COOC that provides the online course,courseware, and online experimental platform, built on top of third party's opensource platforms. The preparation of courses is based on GitHub that facilitatesmultipoint-to-multipoint online courses and concurrent compilation of textbookbased on GitBook, by providing open source textbooks and rapid updates as well asremote operations through online experimental platforms. The major differencesbetween MOOC and COOC include decentralized platform and adoption of conceptsthrough crowdsourcing, where instructors, professionals, and learners are able to setup and modify the courses independently and concurrently, empowering the course'sconstruction based on the collaborative, open and shared textbooks, and onlineexperimental platform. Users, including both teachers and learners, are also able tobrowse, download, and make use of courses in this platform. With embeddedintellectual property and quality control mechanisms, such as Creative Commons(CC) licenses, COOC platform can generate and offer high-quality courses andtextbooks of emerging knowledge rapidly through consistent updates byprofessionals, students, and elites in related domains. The proposed design hasbeen tested at trial Chinese universities and initial feedback from instructors andstudents are very positive. Insights on techniques and related information areprovided, to best adapt to any vocational education level, subject matter, orcourseware provider.