Publication Details

Sreenivasa, M., Ayusawa, K. & Nakamura, Y. (2016). Modeling and Identification of a Realistic Spiking Neural Network and Musculoskeletal Model of the Human Arm, and an Application to the Stretch Reflex. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 24 (5), 591-602.


This study develops a multi-level neuromuscular model consisting of topological pools of spiking motor, sensory and interneurons controlling a bi-muscular model of the human arm. The spiking output of motor neuron pools were used to drive muscle actions and skeletal movement via neuromuscular junctions. Feedback information from muscle spindles were relayed via monosynaptic excitatory and disynaptic inhibitory connections, to simulate spinal afferent pathways. Subject-specific model parameters were identified from human experiments by using inverse dynamics computations and optimization methods. The identified neuromuscular model was used to simulate the biceps stretch reflex and the results were compared to an independent dataset. The proposed model was able to track the recorded data and produce dynamically consistent neural spiking patterns, muscle forces and movement kinematics under varying conditions of external forces and co-contraction levels. This additional layer of detail in neuromuscular models has important relevance to the research communities of rehabilitation and clinical movement analysis by providing a mathematical approach to studying neuromuscular pathology.



Link to publisher version (DOI)