Hybrid Approach for Rigid Piled-Raft Foundations Subjected to Coupled Loads in Layered Soils
This paper proposes an efficient hybrid approach for analysis of the responses of piled-raft foundations subjected to coupled loads (combination of vertical loads, horizontal loads, and moments) in layered soils. The proposed method comprehensively accounts for pile–pile, pile–soil surface, soil surface–pile, and soil surface–soil surface interactions. Moreover, to capture the influence of embedment and active/passive effects of piles, a modified Vesic’s subgrade modulus for embedded piles and passive piles was adopted. To avoid a large number of time-consuming integration processes, the shear displacement method and elastic foundation beam method were employed to calculate the vertical and horizontal responses of a single pile, respectively, and the results were then extended for the pile group. The results calculated with the proposed method for piled-raft foundations in layered soils were found to have good agreement with those obtained from the more rigorous finite-element methods (FEMs) and elastic theory method in layered soils. It was found that the proposed procedure can accurately predict the responses of piled-raft foundations under complex loads in layered soils.