Synchrotron photoactivation of cisplatin elicits an extra number of DNA breaks that stimulate RAD51-mediated repair pathways
Combination of cis-platinum with ionizing radiation is one of the most promising anticancer treatments that appears to be more efficient than radiotherapy alone. Unlike conventional X-ray emitters, accelerators of high energy particles like synchrotrons display powerful and monochromatizable radiation that makes the induction of an Auger electron cascade in cis-platinum molecules [also called photoactivation of cis-platinum (PAT-Plat)] theoretically possible. Here, we examined the molecular consequences of one of the first attempts of synchrotron PAT-Plat, performed at the European Synchrotron Research Facility (Grenoble-France). PATPlat was found to result in an extra number of slowly repairable DNA double-strand breaks, inhibition of DNA-protein kinase activity, dramatic nuclear relocalization of RAD51, hyperphosphorylation of the BRCA1 protein, and activation of proto-oncogenic c-Abl tyrosine kinase.