Glass-fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bar has emerged as a preferable alternative to steel bar in reinforced concrete (RC) members in harsh, corrosive, coastal environments in order to eliminate corrosion problems. However, only limited experimental studies are available on the performance and behavior of concrete columns reinforced with GFRP bars under different loading conditions. This study investigates the use of GFRP bars and GFRP helices (spirals) as longitudinal and transversal reinforcement, respectively, in RC columns. A total of 12 circular concrete specimens with 205-mm diameter and 800-mm height were cast and tested under different loading conditions. The effect of replacing steel with GFRP reinforcement and changing the spacing of the GFRP helices on the behavior of the specimens was investigated. The experimental results show that the axial load and bending moment capacity of the GFRP-RC columns are smaller than those of the conventional steel-RC columns. However, the ductility of the GFRP-RC columns was very close to the ductility of the steel-RC columns. It is concluded that ignoring the contribution of the GFRP bars in compression leads to a considerable difference between analytical and experimental results.