The tracking of the time-varying channel is crucial for MIMO-OFDM wireless communication systems. Aiming at doubly-selective fading MIMO channels, we present a novel pilot pattern and the corresponding adaptive channel tracking algorithm. Compared with the traditional pilot patterns, the new pattern has higher frequency efficiency and is more suitable for large transmit arrays. The computational complexity, frequency efficiency and BER performance of the system assisted by the proposed channel tracking scheme are analyzed. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can track the timevarying channel effectively
J. Tong, Y. Gong & S. Sun, "An adaptive channel tracking method for MIMO- OFDM systems," in Communications, Circuits and Systems, 2004. ICCCAS 2004. 2004 International Conference on, 2004, pp. 354-358.