Publication Details

Rujikiatkamjorn, C. & Indraratna, B. (2015). Briefing: effect of drain installation patterns on rate of consolidation. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Ground Improvement, 168 (4), 236-245. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Ground Improvement


Prefabricated vertical drains (PVDs) are employed to accelerate consolidation by decreasing the drainage path length. In the present study, using analytical solutions, an attempt was made to evaluate and quantify the effectiveness of two non-conventional PVD installation patterns, involving a parallel drain wall compared with a circular drain ring pattern, in contrast to conventional PVD installation (square or triangular patterns). The governing equations are based on the equal strain theory including the smear effect, and they provide a relative comparison between the two newly proposed installation patterns and the conventional square PVD grid, in terms of both the consolidation time and the equivalent drain spacing. The comparisons between the new and conventional installation patterns are made based on a single drain analysis and the density of PVDs per unit area.

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