Multi-source DOA estimation using an acoustic vector sensor array under a spatial sparse representation framework



Publication Details

Y. Zou, B. Li & C. H. Ritz, "Multi-source DOA estimation using an acoustic vector sensor array under a spatial sparse representation framework," Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing, vol. 35, (3) pp. 993-1020, 2016


This paper investigates the estimation of the two-dimensional direction of arrival (2D-DOA) of sound sources using an acoustic vector sensor array (AVSA) within a spatial sparse representation (SSR) framework (AVS-SSR-DOA). SSR-DOA estimation methods rely on a pre-defined grid of possible source DOAs and essentially suffer from the grid-effect problem: Reducing the size of the grid spacing leads to increased computational complexity. In this paper, we propose a two-step approach to tackle the grid-effect problem. Specifically, omnidirectional sensor array-based SSR-DOA estimation firstly provides initial low-cost DOA estimates using a coarse grid spacing. Secondly, a closed-form solution is derived by exploring the unique subarray manifold matrix correlation and subarray signal correlation of the AVSA, which allows for DOA estimates between the pre-defined angles of the grid and potentially achieves higher DOA estimation accuracy. To further alleviate the estimation bias due to noise and sparse representation model errors, line-fitting (LF) techniques and subspace techniques (ST) are employed to develop two novel DOA estimation algorithms, referred to as AVS-SSR-LF and AVS-SSR-ST, respectively. Extensive simulations validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms when estimating the DOAs of multiple sound sources. The proposed AVS-SSR-ST algorithm achieves high DOA estimation accuracy and is robust to various noise levels and source separation angles

Please refer to publisher version or contact your library.



Link to publisher version (DOI)