A multi-agent approach for decentralized voltage regulation by considering distributed generators
Distributed generators (DGs) are considered as significant components tomodern micro grids in recent years because they can provide instant and renewable electric power to consumers without using transmission networks. However, the use of DGs may affect the use of voltage regulators in amicro grid because theDGs are usually privately owned and cannot be centrally managed. In this paper, an innovativemulti-agent approach is proposed to perform automatic and decentralized controls of distributed electric components in micro grids. Autonomous software agents are employed to make local optimal decisions on voltage regulation by considering multiple objectives and local information; and agent-based communication and collaboration are employed toward a global voltage regulation through dynamic task allocation. The proposed approach contains three layers for representing the micro grid, the multi-agent system and the human-computer interface, and is implemented by using three Java-based packages, i.e. InterPSS, JADE and JUNG respectively.