Conceptual design of a multi-agent system for interconnected power systems restoration
Outages and faults in interconnected power systems may cause cascading sequences of events, and catastrophic failures of power systems. How to efficiently manage power systems and restore the systems from faults is a challenging research issue in power engineering. Multi-agent systems are employed to address such a challenge in recent years. A centralized coordination strategy was firstly introduced to manage agents in a power system. Such a strategy usually adopts a single central coordinator to control the whole system for system management, maintenance, and restoration purposes. However, disadvantages such as deficiencies in robustness, openness, and flexibility prevent this strategy from extensive online applications. Consequently, a decentralized coordination strategy was proposed to overcome such limitations. But the decentralized coordination strategy cannot efficiently provide a global solution when serious faults spread out in a power system. In this paper, a conceptual multi-agent system design is introduced to express our proposal in power system modeling. A novel dynamic team forming mechanism is proposed to dynamically manage agents in power system with a flexible coordination structure, so as to balance the effectiveness and efficiency of the introduced multi-agent system. The results from simulations of case studies indicate the performance of the proposed multi-agent model.