Laser cladding of wear resistant Stellite 6 coating on P22 steel substrate with two different energy inputs
Stellite 6 was deposited by laser cladding on a P22 steel substrate with energy inputs of 1 kW (P22-1) and 1.8 kW (P22-1.8). The chemical compositions and microstructures of these coatings were characterized by atomic absorption spectroscopy, optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The microhardness of the coatings was measured and the wear mechanism of the coatings was examined using a pin-on-plate (reciprocating) wear testing machine. The results showed less cracking and pore development for Stellite 6 coatings applied to the P22 steel substrate with the lower heat input (P22-1). Further, the Stellite coating for P22-1 was significantly harder than that obtained for P22-1.8. The wear test results showed that the weight loss for P22-1 was much lower than for P22-1.8. It is concluded that the lower hardness of the coating for P22-1.8, markedly reduced the wear resistance of the Stellite 6 coating. (2014) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.