Laser cladding of stainless steel substrates with stellite 6
Stellite 6 coatings were produced using laser cladding of two different steel substrates (martensitic and austenitic stainless steels). The chemical composition and microstructure of these coatings were characterized by atomic absorption spectroscopy, optical microscopy and scanningelectron microscopy. The microhardness of the coatings was measured and the wear mechanism of the coatings was examined using a pin-on-plate (reciprocating) wear testing machine. The results showed less cracking and pore development for Stellite 6 coatings applied to the martensitic stainless steel (SS) substrate. The wear test results showed that the weight loss for the coating on martensitic SS was significantly lower than for the austenitic SS substrate. It is concluded that the higher hardness of the coating on the martensitic SS, together with the harder and more rigid substrate increase the wear resistance of the Stellite 6 coating.