Publication Details

Phelan, D. & Dippenaar, R. (2004). Widmanstatten ferrite plate formation in low-carbon steels. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A - Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, 35 (12), 3701-3706.


The mechanism by which Widmanstätten ferrite plates nucleate and grow in low-carbon steels has been studied. In-situ laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) observations, optical microscopy, and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) techniques have been used to characterize the relationship between grain boundary allotriomorphs and Widmanstätten ferrite plates. The issue of where Widmanstätten ferrite plates nucleate is one of some debate, with theories including morphological instability and sympathetic nucleation. Evidence has been found that supports the theory of a sympathetic nucleation mechanism being responsible for the formation of Widmanstätten ferrite plates. The EBSD measurements have shown that low-angle misorientations of between 5 and 10 deg exist between ferrite allotriomorphs and Widmanstätten ferrite plates.



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