Publication Details

Jiang, Z. (2011). Mechanics of cold rolling of thin strip. In J. Awrejcewicz (Eds.), Numerical Analysis Theory and Application (pp. 439-462). Croatia: InTech.


Cold rolled thin strip has a wide application in electronic and instrument industries, and its production has always been of major interest to the manufacturers and researchers in the area of metal plasticity. Thin strip rolling involves significant metal plasticity to produce a desired product. Iwamoto (2004), Stoughton & Yoon (2004) and Hub et al. (2004) were interested in dealing with the plastic defonnation and plastic yielding of steel, and its micromechanics. With the need for higher quality and productivity in cold strip mill, mathematical models of cold rolling of a strip with a desired shape and dimension, both for mill set-up and for on-line control, have become a key issue in the steel rolling process. One major part of these models concerns the strip and roll def0:mation, plastically. ~efor~ed strip shape and profile. The development of the roll deformation model can be diVided mto three groups, which includes simple beam model, slit beam model and finit~ element analysis model (Ginzburg, 1989). Stone & Gray (1965) modelled the roll deformation as the deflection of a simple beam on an elastic foundation. Shohet & Townsend (1968) proposed a slit beam deflection model, and then Edwards & Spooner (1973), Wang (1986) improved this theory and introduced a matrix method to solve the beam deflection considering strip plastic deformation. It has now been widely used in analysiS of the roll deformation an~ strip shape and profile. Timoshenko & Goodier (1970), Jiang et al. (2oo3a, b, c), Koman (1998) and Lin & Lee (1997) used finite elem.ent model and numerical methods to analyse the strip rolling and to improve the simulation accuracy of the strip shape and profile. In order to improve the quality of the produced products, Kim & Oh (2003) used finite element method to analyse grain~by-grain deformation by crystal plasticity with couple stress, Simth et al. (2003) conducted a study of the effect of the transverse normal stress on sheet metal formability and Ho et al. (2004) developed integrated numerical techniques to predict springback in creep forming thick aluminum sheet components. Buchheit et a!. (2005) performed simulations of realistic looking 3-.0 polycrystalline microstructures generated. The simulation on precipitate induced hardening in crystal plasticity was conducted (Han et aI., 2004). Martin & Smith (2005) investigated the influence of the compressive throughthickness normal stress on sheet metal formability and tried to explore the ways to improve the sheet metal formability. However, the finite element analysis is rather complicated and may have a convergence problem, which is difficult to be used for on-line control of the thin strip rolling. An influence function method analysis considering the strip plastic deformation and roll deformation can be directly used in the control of strip rolling, especially in the control of the shape and profile of strip.