Biocatalytic membrane reactors for the removal of recalcitrant and emerging pollutants from wastewater
The potential fields of application of biocatalytic membrane reactors have widened considerably in recent years. Although biocatalytic membrane reactors, in general, are yet to achieve broad industrial application, in the not too far future they are expected to play a major role, not only for the production, transformation and valorization of raw materials but also for environmental remediations. This chapter comprehensively reviews the laboratory scale studies which demonstrate the potential of biocatalytic membrane reactors in wastewater treatment applications. Studies reponed in the literature, however, serve as proof of concept only. Issues that need to be addressed in order to achieve scale-up of such systems have been discussed in this chapter.