A study of hippocampal shape difference between genders by efficient hypothesis test and discriminative deformation
Hypothesis testing is an important way to detect the statistical difference between two populations. In this paper, we use the Fisher permutation and bootstrap tests to differentiate hippocampal shape between genders. These methods are preferred to traditional hypothesis tests which impose assumptions on the distribution of the samples. An efficient algorithm is adopted to rapidly perform the exact tests. We extend this algorithm to multivariate data by projecting the original data onto an "informative direction" to generate a scalar test statistic. This "informative direction" is found to preserve the original discriminative information. This direction is further used in this paper to isolate the discriminative shape difference between classes from the individual variability, achieving a visualization of shape discrepancy.
Zhou, L., Hartley, R., Lieby, P., Barnes, N., Anstey, K., Cherbuin, N. & Sachdev, P. (2007). A study of hippocampal shape difference between genders by efficient hypothesis test and discriminative deformation. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4791 375-383.