Authenticated key exchange (AKE) protocols allow two parties communicating over an insecure network to establish a common secret key. They are among the most widely used cryptographic protocols in practice. In order to resist key-leakage attacks, several leakage resilient AKE protocols have been proposed recently in the bounded leakage model. In this paper, we initiate the study on leakage resilient AKE in the auxiliary input model. A promising way to construct such a protocol is to use a digital signature scheme that is entropically-unforgeable under chosen message and auxiliary input attacks. However, to date we are not aware of any digital signature scheme that can satisfy this requirement. On the other hand, we show that in the random oracle model, it is sufficient to use a digital signature scheme that is secure under random message and auxiliary input attacks in order to build a secure AKE protocol in the auxiliary input model, while the existence of such a digital signature scheme has already been proven. We will also give a comparison between the existing public-key encryption based and digital signature based leakage resilient AKE protocols. We show that the latter can provide a higher level of security than the former.
Yang, G., Mu, Y., Susilo, W. & Wong, D. S. (2013). Leakage resilient authenticated key exchange secure in the auxiliary input model. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 7863 204-217.