Publication Details

Kostryzhev, A. G., Alshahrani, A. Al., Zhu, C., Ringer, S. P. & Pereloma, E. V. (2013). Effect of deformation temperature on niobium clustering, precipitation and austenite recrystallisation in a Nb-Ti microalloyed steel. Materials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing, 581 16-25.


The effect of deformation temperature on Nb solute clustering, precipitation and the kinetics of austenite recrystallisation were studied in a steel containing 0.081C–0.021Ti–0.064 Nb (wt%). Thermo-mechanical processing was carried out using a Gleeble 3500 simulator. The austenite microstructure was studied using a combination of optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and atom probe microscopy, enabling a careful characterisation of grain size, as well as Nb-rich clustering and precipitation processes. A correlation between the austenite recrystallisation kinetics and the chemistry, size and number density of Nb-rich solute atom clusters, and NbTi(C,N) precipitates was established via the austenite deformation temperature. Specifically, we have determined thresholds for the onset of recrystallisation: for deformation levels above 75% and temperatures above 825 °C, Nb atom clusters recrystallisation

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