3D coupled thermo-mechanical FE analysis of surface defects in continuously casting slab
The behaviour of the surface defects on the continuous casting slab during hot rolling is investigated using the commercial FE-code LS-DYNA. The thermo-elastic-plastic material model is chosen in the simulation models, and the material implemented in the simulation is the austenitic stainless steel 304. The numerical results show the significant morphological changes of the surface defects during hot rolling and afford valuable indications for a deeper understanding of the underlying process. An accelerated crack growth and propagation are observed for the edge cracks, and the closure behaviour is found in the transverse and longitudinal cracks. The effect of temperature is significant on both the roll and the strip in hot rolling process. The developed models consider different types of mesh and element, thermal conditions, and rolling schedules. The predicted relationship between rolling conditions, the temperature distribution of crack, and the full history of temperature variation are discussed in this study.