Co-planar waveguide (CPW) slotted bow-tie antenna with band-notch using polygon-shaped branches structure
Nowadays, the world has rapidly evolved in the communication system in term of speed and information capacity. Thus, a bow-tie antenna is the suggestion to use because of its exhibits low profile and lightweight. However, the bow-tie patch antenna, inherently have narrow bandwidths and in general are half wavelength structures operating at the fundamental resonant mode. To cater this problem, a slotted bow-tie antenna is designed for wireless applications with consist techniques a pair of polygon-shaped branches structure is implemented on each arm of the bow-tie slot antenna characteristics. The co-planar waveguide is applied to this antenna to effect the wider bandwidth to the antenna. This proposed CPW slotted bow-tie antenna is using FR-4 substrate with dielectric constant, ε r = 4.4 and the electrical conductivity tangent loss, tan Δ = 0.019 with substrate dimension of 52.4 mm length x 22.3 mm width. Several parametric studies are done to make sure the suitable dimension for best antenna performance. In this case, several different dimensions of three part are consider to study, such as the microstrip line width (W ml ), height of feedline (H fl ), and the length of branch, L br . The basic antenna without polygon-shaped branches can offer a wider frequency band operation at 2.293 GHz-2.541 GHz with bandwidth of 248 MHz effect by the co-planar waveguide technique. After the addition of the polygon-shaped branches structure to the bow-tie part, its effect a band-notch effect at the 2.46 GHz, while creating a new resonant frequency at two different part at 2.394 GHz and 2.511 GHz with resonant frequency of −18.585 dB and 19.555 dB, respectively.